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Reading / Unit 2: Subjunctive Clauses (Mệnh đề giả định)

Ngày đăng: 2015-12-17
  • S + recommend, insist, suggest, advise, propose, request, ask, require, demand, urge, convince (that) S + V infinitive.
Eg: He insisted that he be right
I strongly recommended that he not go out that night
  • We also use: It’s necessary, important, vital, essential, imperative, critical that + S + V infinitive.
Eg: It is vital that Mary come here on time.
It is necessary that, Mary be here tomorrow.
 
Substitutes for If clauses
  • Verb…, and/or…: Here,
“and” nghĩa là “if so – nếu vậy”, và “or” nghĩa là “if not – nếu không.”
Ex: Speed up a little more, and we will catch his car.
      Study hard for your exam, or you won’t get a good grade.
  • Note: Acomma should precede and/or when replacing ifclause.
  • Otherwise (= If not), Or else
Ex: We should hurry up; otherwise, we will be late. (Khẩn trương, nếu không ta sẽ bị muộn.)
      Be careful, or else you will make a mistake. (Cẩn thận, nếu không bạn sẽ mắc lỗi.)
      We did everything we could do; otherwise, we could not have finished in time. (Ta đã làm mọi việc có thể; nếu không, ta đã không thể hoàn thành đúng kế hoạch.)

Eg: Adverb clause
- If I don’t eat breakfast, I get hungry.
- You’ll get wet unless you take your umbrella.
- I always eat breakfast. Otherwise, I get hungry during class.
- You’d better hurry, or (else) you’ll be late.
 
Using OTHERWISE and Or (else)
1. If I don’t call my mother, she will start worrying about me.
-> I am going to/ should/ had better/have to/must call my mother. Otherwise, she’ll start worrying about me.
2. If you don’t leave now, you’ll be late for class.
->....................................................................................................................
3. If you don’t go to bed, your cold will get worse.
->....................................................................................................................
4. Unless you have a ticket, you cant get into the theater.
->....................................................................................................................
5. You can’t enter that country unless you have a passport.
->....................................................................................................................
6. If Tom doesn’t get a job soon, his family won’t have enough money for food.
->....................................................................................................................
 
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