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Reading / Unit 5: 51 CẤU TRÚC NGỮ PHÁP THƯỜNG GẶP TRONG TIẾNG ANH

Ngày đăng: 2015-12-16

1/ S + V + (not) enough + noun + (for sb) to do st = (không) đủ cái gì để (cho ai) làm gì.  

(He doesn’t have enough qualification to work here).

2 / S + V + (not) adj/adv + enough + (for sb) to do st = cái gì đó (không) đủ để (cho ai) làm gì.

(He doesn’t study hard enough to pass the exam).

3/ S + V + too + adj/adv + (for sb) to do st = cái gì quá đến nổi làm sao để cho ai đấy làm gì.

(He ran too fast for me to catch up with).

4/ Clause + so that + clause = để mà

(He studied very hard so that he could pas the test).

5/ S + V + so + adj/adv + that S + V = cái gì đó quá làm sao đến nỗi mà …

(The film was so boring that he fell asleep in the middle of it)

6/ It + V + such + [a(n)] adj noun + that S +V = cái gì đó quá làm sao đến nỗi mà ...
(It was such a borring film that he fell asleep in the middle of it)

7/ If + S + present simple + S +will/can/may + V simple: câu điều kiện loại 1 = điều kiện có thật ở tương lai.

 ( If you lie in the sun too long, you will get sunburnt).

8/ If + S + past simple + S + would + V simple: Câu điều kiện loại 2 = miêu tả cái không có thực hoặc tưởng tượng ra.

(If I won the competition, I would spend it all).

9/ If + S + past perfect + S + would + have past participle: câu điều kiện loại 3 = miêu tả cái không xảy ra hoặc tưởng tượng xảy ra trong quá khứ.

 (If I’d worked harder, I would have passed the exam)

10/ Unless + positive = If … not = trừ phi, nếu không.

 (You will be late unless you start at one)

11/ S + used to + do = chỉ thói quen, hành động trong quá khứ

( He used to smoke, but he gave up five months ago) - used ở đây như một động từ quá khứ.

12/ S + be + used/accustomed to + doing = quen với việc …

(I am used to eating at 7:00 PM)

13/ S + get + used to + doing = trở nên quen với việc …

( We got used to American food).

14/ would rather do…….than ..….= thích cái gì (làm gì ) hơn cái gì (làm gì)

(We would rather die in freedom than lie in slavery)

15/ prefer doing/ noun……..to ..…= thích cái gì (làm gì ) hơn cái gì (làm gì)

 (I prefer drinking Coca to drinking Pepsi).

16/ would + like(care/hate/prefer) + to do = tạo lời mời hoặc ý muốn gì

(Would you like to dance with me)

17/ like + V_ing = diễn đạt sở thích

(He like reading novel)

like + to do = diễn đạt thói quen, sự lựa chọn,hoặc với nghĩa cho là đúng.
(When making tea, he usually likes to put sugar and a slice of lemon in fisrt)

18/ S + should/had better/ought to/ be supposed to + do = ai đó nên làm gì.

(He should study tonight, He had better study tonight, He is supposed to study tonight).

19/ Could, may, might + have + P2 = có lẽ đã

(It may have rained last night, but I’m not sure)

20/ Should + have + P2 = lẽ ra phải, lẽ ra nên.

 (Tom should have gone to office this morning).

22/ …because + S + V :

(Tai was worried because it had started to rain.)

23. …because of/ due to/ + Noun

 (Tai was worried because of the rain).

24/ Although/ Even though/ though + Clause = mặc dù
(Jane will be admitted to the university although her has bad grades.)

25/ to be made of = consist of = được làm bằng – đề cập đến chất liệu làm vật

(This table is made of wood)

26/  to be made from = được làm từ – đề cập đến ngvật liệu bị biến đổi khỏi trạng thái ban đầu.

(Paper is made from wood)

27/ to be made out of = được làm bằng – đề cập đến quá trình làm ra vật .
( This cake was made out of flour, butter, sugar, eggs and milk)

28/  to have sb do sth = to get sb to do sth = sai ai, bảo ai làm gì
( I’ll have Vinh fix my car) ,( I’ll get Vinh to fix my car)

29/ to have sb do sth = to get sb to do sth = sai ai, bảo ai làm gì
(I’ll have Vinh fix my car) ,( I’ll get Vinh to fix my car)

30/ to have / to get sth done = làm gì bằng cách thuê người khác

(I have my car washed )

31/ to make sb do sth = to force sb to do sth = Bắt buộc ai làm gì
(The bank robbers make the maneger give them all the money )

32/ to make sb P2 = làm cho ai bị làm sao
(Working all night on Friday made me tired on Saturday ).

33/ to cause sth P2 = làm cho cái gì bị làm sao
(The big thunder storm caused waterfront houses damaged ).

34/  to let sb do sth = to permit/allow sb to do sth = để cho ai , cho phép ai làm gì

(I let me go ) .

35/ S + V + as + { adj/adv} + as + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh ngang bằng 1

(My book is as interesting as your) , ( Vinh sings as well as I “ không phải là me”)

36/ S + short {adj/ adv}_ er + than + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh hơn 1
( My grades are higher than Vinh’s).

37/ S + short {adj/ adv}_ er + than + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh hơn 1

(My grades are higher than Vinh’s).

38/ S + more + long {adj/ adv} + than + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh hơn 2

(He speaks English more fluently than I ).

39/ S + less + {adj/ adv} + than + {noun/pronoun} = so sánh kém
( He visits his family less frequently than she does ).

40/ S + V + the + short {adj/ adv}_ est + { in + singular count noun/ of +plural count noun} = so sánh bậc nhất 1

(Tom is the tallest in the family).

41/ S + V + the + most +long {adj/ adv} + { in + singular count noun/ of+plural count noun} = so sánh bậc nhất 2

(This shoes is the most expensive of all )

42/ S + V + the + least +long {adj/ adv} + { in + singular count noun/ of + plural count noun} = so sánh bậc nhất 3

(This shoes is the least expensive of all)

43/ S + V + number multiple + as + {much/many} + (noun) + as + {noun/ pronoun} = so sánh bội số “gấp 2,gấp 3...”

(This pen costs twice as much as the other one)

44/ The + comparative + S + V + the + comparative + S + V = so sánh kép

( The more you study, the smatter you will become ).

45/ No sooner + auxiliary + S + V + than + S + V = vừa mới ….thì đã…

( No sooner had we started out for Obama than it started to rain ).

46/ S + need + to V/ V_ing:

 - to V khi S là vật thể sống (I need to learn Eng lish )

- V_ing khi S không là vật thể sống (The grass needs cutting)

47/ …V1 + to + V2 : trong đó V1 là { agree, expect, hope, learn, refuse, want, demand, forget, attempt, offer, seem, fail, desire, plan, prepare).

48/ …V1 + V2 _ing… : trong đó V1 là {admit, avoid, delay, deny, resist, postpone, miss, finish, enjoy, suggest, mind, recall, risk, resume, quit, consider).

49/ S + wish + (that) + S + { could V/ would V/ were V_ing} + …= ước ở tương lai ( We wish that you could come to the party to night.)

50/ S + wish + (that) + S + { could V/ would V/ were V_ing} + …= ước ở tương lai ( We wish that you could come to the party to night.)

51/S + wish + (that) + S + {past perfect/could have P2}….= ước ở quá khứ ( I wish that I had washed the clothes yesterday).

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